ENTREPRENEUR OVERVIEW

An entrepreneur is a person who organizes and manages a business or businesses, taking on greater than normal financial risks for the sake of profit. An entrepreneur sees an opportunity, makes a plan, starts a business, manages the business and receives the profits.

Only by letting thousands and millions of entrepreneurs try new ideas, to innovate, to create businesses that put those ideas to work in a competitive and open way, only by doing those things are we going to be able to tackle some of the world’s big problems.

–Ángel Cabrera, President, George Mason University

ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEFINED

The World Economic Forum defines entrepreneurship in the following ways:

  • Entrepreneurs are those persons (business owners) who seek to generate value through the creation or expansion of economic activity, by identifying and exploiting new products, processes or markets.
  • Entrepreneurial activity is enterprising human action in pursuit of the generation of value through the creation or expansion of a business by generating economic activity.
  • Entrepreneurship is the phenomenon associated with entrepreneurial activity.

Entrepreneurship has been a foundation to the American dream since the country was born. However, entrepreneurship gave way to the Agriculture and Industrial Revolutions that defined the American career to encompass a 40-hour work week and developing skills around a specific job in a specific company that operated in a specific market.

In the late 1970s an economic shift began to occur in the U.S. as other countries began to produce products at a lower cost than known before. During the 1980’s the economic shift began to grow as communities started seeing manufacturing plants close and state’s fought each other over attracting new manufacturing plants. By the mid-1990’s a new wave of economic development began to emerge through the use of technology. Entrepreneurship started becoming an idea again, and many young businesses started to replace many of the traditional businesses on the Forbes 500 list.

By 2001, entrepreneurship began to show promise in the U.S. economy. However, many economists and political leaders remained skeptical about the impact of small business. After the studies from the 2001 recession recovery were completed, the data showed that small businesses were the cause of all the net new jobs during that time frame. Entrepreneurship is the reason for the 2001 recession recovery, yet skepticism still existed as to the long term sustainability of entrepreneurship activity on the economy.

Since 2001, additional studies from various sources have uncovered the critical need for innovation and entrepreneurship in any economy (especially in today’s global marketplace). Technology has changed the rules in business, and entrepreneurship has proven its flexibility is better suited to meet the changing global needs.

LEGAL STRUCTURES & DEALING WITH RISK

In starting a business, there are many areas that involve degrees of risk. The entrepreneur’s job is to utilize strategies to avoid or overcome known risks. In its simplest terms, risks are the threats to a business in achieving the organization’s business objectives. The following highlights the obvious risk areas, but other areas of risk may exist depending on the type of business and market place.

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ENTREPRENEUR TYPES & GROWTH STAGES

As an entrepreneur, you will face different challenges and different needs at each phase of the business development process. Local and state agencies and organizations provide support throughout the business development cycle. It can be helpful to think of the business lifecycle as proceeding through 3 main phases: Idea, Start-up and Growth phases.

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BUILDING A BUSINESS

Trying to build a business? Learn everything you need to know on how to build a business. Key topics include how to enter and capture the market. Learn how to build your team from management roles, board of directors, down to employees and outsourcing. Also learn about the different types of intellectual property, patents, trademarks and copyright.

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CONCEPT ANALYSIS

Before jumping into any business, entrepreneurs need to engage in risk mitigation by researching the availability of their target market and the willingness of consumers to purchase from the aspiring business. Here you will learn how to define the market, how to conduct market research, about value propositions, how to test the business concept and prototyping.

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FINANCIALS

Funding a business requires patience, knowledge and the ability to effectively communicate your business need. Funding can come from a variety of sources all with their own level of risk associated to them. The funding landscape, as well as how to determine the risk of each source, is critical for making the right decision for your company.

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THE BUSINESS PLAN

The business plan can be used as an action plan, a road map, and eventually a sales tool. In this section you will learn the fundamentals of creating a business plan and the purpose of a business plan. Also learn about creating the company details, internal factors, external factors and finances section of a business plan.

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PRESENTING THE BUSINESS

Every entrepreneur has to present a business plan  at some point if he/she is seeking a loan or investment. It’s imperative to have a pitch and presentation that showcases your idea, your potential, your market and your ability to provide investors with a return on their investment. Click here to learn how to prepare your pitch for presentation.

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